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Resources: Bibliography and Webography
Books | Journal Articles | Essays | Unpublished Documents | Websites



Alan Taylor. American Colonies. New York: Penguin Books, 2001.

Alfred, Gerald. Heeding the Voices of Our Ancestors: Kahnawake Mohawk Politics and the Rise of Native Nationalism. Toronto, Ontario: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Anderson, Fred. The Crucible of War: The Seven Years’ War and the Fate of Empire in British North America 1754-1766. New York: Knopf, 2000.

Anderson, Virginia DeJohn. New England's Generation: The Great Migration and the Formation of Society and Culture in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Beaulieu, Alain and Roland Viau. The Great Peace: Chronicle of a Diplomatic Saga. Montreal, Quebec: Editions Libre Expression, 2001.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998.

Blanchard, David. 7 Generations. Kahnawake, Quebec: Kahnawake Survival School Center for Curriculum Development, 1980.

Bourne, Russell. The Red King's Rebellion: Racial Politics in New England, 1675-1678. New York: Atheneum, 1990.

Bradford, William. Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647. New York: Random House Modern Library College Edition, 1981.

Bragdon, Kathleen J. Native People of Southern New England, 1500-1650. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Braun, Esther K. and David P. The First Peoples of the Northeast. Lincoln, Massachusetts: Lincoln Historical Society, 1994.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. The Pynchon Papers, Volume I: Letters of John Pynchon, 1654-1700. Boston, MA: Colonial Society of Masachusetts, 1982.

Bridenbaugh, Carl and Juliette Tomlinson. The Pynchon Papers, Volume II: Selections from the Account Books of John Pynchon, 1651-1697. Boston, MA: Colonial Society of Masachusetts, 1985.

Burt, Henry M. The First Century of the History of Springfield: The Official Records from 1636 to 1736, with an Historical Review and Biographical Mention of the Founders. Springfield, Massachusetts: H.M. Burt, 1899.

Cadran, Lawrence. The Courage of Conviction. Salt Lake City: American University and Colleges Press, 2001.

Calloway, Colin. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600-1800: War, Migration, and the Survival of an Indian People. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Calloway, Colin G. New Worlds for All: Indians, Europeans and the Remaking of Early America. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Calloway, Colin, ed. After King Philip's War: Presence and Persistence in Indian New England. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1997.

Calvert, Karin. Children in the House. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1992.

Charbonneau, Hubert. The First French Canadians: Pioneers in the St. Lawrence Valley. Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1993.

Coates, Colin M. Metamorphoses of Landscape and Community in Early Quebec. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000.

Coleman, Emma Lewis. New England Captives Carried to Canada between 1677 and 1760 during the French and Indian Wars. Portland, Maine: Southworth Press, 1925.

Cornelius, Carol. Iroquois Corn in a Culture-Based Curriculum. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land. New York: Hill & Wang, 1983.

Davidson, Basil. The African Slave Trade. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1980.

Davidson, Basil and the editors of Time-Life Books. African Kingdoms. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.

Day, Gordon. The Identity of the Saint Francis Indians. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1981.

De Forest, John W. History of the Indians of Connecticut from the Earliest Known Period to 1850. Hartford, CT: Wm. Jas. Hamersley, 1852.

Dechêne, Louise. Habitants and Merchants in Seventeenth-Century Montreal, trans. L. Vardi. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1992.

Delage, Denys. Bitter Feast: Americans and Europeans in Northeastern North America, 1600-64, Jane Brierly, trans. Victoria: University of British Columbia, 1993.

Demos, John. The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Drake, James D. King Philip's War: Civil War in New England, 1675-1676. Amherst: University of Massachusetts, 1999.

Dublin Seminar. New England/New France, 1600-1850. Boston: Boston University Press, 1989.

Eccles, W. J. The French in North America, 1500-1783. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 1998.

Eccles, W.J. Canada under Louis XIV, 1663-1701. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1964.

Eccles, W.J. France in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1972.

Eccles, W.J. Essays on New France. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Eric Foner. Who Owns History: Rethinking the Past in a Changing World. New York: Hill and Wang, 2002.

Fawcett, Melissa Jayne. The Lasting of the Mohegans, Part 1: The Story of the Wolf People. Uncasville, CT: Pequot Printing, 1995.

Foster, Michael K. and William Cowan, editors. In Search of New England’s Native Past: Selected Essays by Gordon M. Day. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

Frégualt, Guy. Le xviiie siécle canadien études. Montreal: éditions HMH, 1968.

Gadrouy, Lorraine. La Noblesse de Nouvelle-France: Familles et alliances. Montreal: Hurtubise HMH, 1991.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. The Classic Slave Narratives. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2002.

George McMichael, General Editor. Anthology of American Literature: Volume 1: Colonial Through Romantic. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Gibson, John A. Concerning the League: The Iroquois League Tradition as dictated in Onondaga. Ed. and trans by Hanni Woodbury. Winnipeg: Algonquian and Iroquoian Linguistics, 1992.

Grace, Catherine O’Neill, and Margaret M. Bruchac. 1621: A New Look at Thanksgiving. Washington, DC: Plimoth Plantation and National Geographic, 2001.

Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. The Negro in Colonial New England. New York: Atheneum, 1971.

Greer, Allan. The People of New France. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Haefeli, Evan and Sweeney, Kevin. Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2003.

Hammang, Francis H. The Marquis de Vaudreuil: New France at the Beginning of the Eighteenth Century. Bruges: Bibliothêque de l’université Louvan, 1938.

Hanson, Joyce. The Captive. New York: Scholastic, Inc., 1994.

Harris, Richard Colebrook. The Seigneurial System in Early Canada: A Geographical Study. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.

Havard, Gilles. The Great Peace of Montreal of 1701. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001.

Haviland, William A. and Marjory W. Power. The Original Vermonters: Native Inhabitants, Past and Present. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1994.

Hertzberg, Hazel. The Great Tree and the Longhouse. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1966.

Hewitt, J. N. B. Iroquoian Cosmology. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1974.

Jeanen, Cornelius. Friend and Foe: Aspects of French-Amerindian Cultural Contact in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1973.

Jeanen, Cornelius. The Role of the Church in New France. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1976.

Jones, Constance. Africa 1500-1900. New York: Facts on File, 1993.

Judd, Sylvester. History of Hadley, Massachusetts. Springfield: H.P. Hunting and Company, 1905.

LaFantasie, Glenn W. The Correspondence of Roger Williams, Volume II 1654-1682. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1988.

Leach, Douglas Edward. Northern Colonial Frontier 1607-1763. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.

Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

Martin, John Frederick. Profits in the Wilderness: Entrepreneurship and the Founding of New England Towns in the Seventeenth Century. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

Martin, Phyllis M. and Patrick O'Meara. Africa. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1977.

Melvoin, Richard. New England Outpost: War and Society in Colonial Deerfield. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989.

Miquelon, Dale. New France 1701-1744: A Supplement to Europe. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1987.

Moogk, Peter N. La Nouvelle France: The Making of French Canada – A Cultural History. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2000.

Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Dilemma: The Story of John Winthrop. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1958.

Morgan, Edmund S. The Puritan Family. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.

O’Callaghan, Edward B. Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York; Procured in Holland, England and France. Albany, NY: Weed, Parsons and Company, 1887.

Parker, Arthur C. The Constitution of the Five Nations or The Iroquois Book of the Great Law. Reprint of 1916 edition. Ohsweken, Ontario: Iroqrafts, 1991.

Pennacook Sokoki Inter-Tribal Nation. Historical Indian-Colonial Relations of New Hampshire. Manchester, NH: New Hampshire Indian Council, 1977.

Piersen,William D. Black Yankees: The Development of an Afro-American Subculture in Eighteenth Century New England. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.

Porter, Tom. Clanology: Clan System of the Iroquois. Cornwall Island, Ontario and Hogansburg, New York: Native North American Travelling College, 1993.

Richter, Daniel K. The Ordeal of the Longhouse: The Peoples of the Iroquois League in the Era of European Colonization. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Richter, Daniel K. and James H. Merrell, eds. Beyond the Covenant Chain: The Iroquois and their Neighbors in Indian North America, 1600 – 1800. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Sévigny, P-André. Les Abénaquis: Habitant et Migrations (17e et 18 e siécles). Montreal: Editions Bellarmin, 1976.

Sheldon, George. A History of Deerfield, Massachusetts. Deerfield, MA: Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, 1895.

Sioui, Georges E. Huron-Wendat: The Heritage of the Circle. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1999.

Smith, Joseph H. The Pynchon Court Record: An Original Judge’s Diary of the Administration of Justice in the Springfield Courts in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Snow, Dean. The Iroquois. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

Speck, Frank. Penobscot Man: The Life History of a Forest Tribe in Maine. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940.

Steele, Ian K. Warpaths: Invasions of North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Temple, Josiah H. History of North Brookfield, Massachusetts. Boston, MA: Town of North Brookfield, 1887.

Tercentenary History Committee. The Northampton Book. Northampton, Massachusetts: City of Northampton, 1954.

Thomas, Velma Maia. Lest We Forget: The Passage from Slavery to Emancipation. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1997.

Thwaites, Reuben Gold. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. Cleveland, OH: The Burrows Brothers Company, 1896.

Trigger, Bruce. Natives and Newcomers: Canada's Heroic Age Revisited. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1985.

Trigger, Bruce G. The Huron: Farmers of the North. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1969.

Trigger, Bruce G. The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to 1660. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1976.

Trigger, Bruce G. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Trudel, Marcel. L’Esclavage au Canada français: Histoire et conditions de l’esclavage. Quebec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 1960.

Trumbull, James Russell. History of Northampton: Volume I. Northampton, MA: Gazette Printing Company, 1898.

Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher. Good Wives. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.

Van Voris, Jacqueline. The Look of Paradise. Northampton, Massachusetts: Northampton Historical Society, 1984.

Viau, Roland. Enfants du néant et mangeurs de ames: guerre, culture et société en Iroquoisie ancienne. Montreal: Boréal, 1997.

Wallace, Paul. The Iroquois Book of Life: White Roots of Peace. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light, 1986.

Wilbur, C. Keith. The New England Indians. Chester, Connecticut: The Globe Pequot Press, 1978.

Williams, John. The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion. Deerfield, MA: Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, 1706.

Williams, Roger. The Complete Writings of Roger Williams: Volume I. New York: Russell and Russell, 1963.

Wiseman, Frederick Matthew. The Voice of the Dawn: An Autohistory of the Abenaki Nation. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2001.

Wright, Harry Andrew. Indian Deeds of Hampden County. Springfield, Massachusetts: Harry A. Wright, 1905.

Zoltvany, Yves F. Phillippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil: Governor of New France 1703-1725. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1974.

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Journal Articles

Day, Gordon M. "The Indian Occupation of Vermont," in Vermont History. Vol. 33: July, 1955.

Johansen, Bruce E. "Dating the Iroquois Confederacy," in Akwesasne Notes. New Series Volume 1, no. 3/4: 1995.

Jones, David S. "Virgin Soils Revisited," in William and Mary Quarterly. 3rd series 60:4: October, 2003.

Leavenworth, Peter S. "'The Best Title That Indians Can Claime': Native Agency and Consent in the Transferral of Pennacook-Pawtuck Land in the Seventeenth Century," in New England Quarterly. 72:2: June, 1999.

Salisbury, Neal. "Red Puritans: The 'Praying Indians' of Massachusetts Bay and John Eliot," in William and Mary Quarterly. 31, no. 1: 1974.

Smith, Nicholas N. and Alice Nash. "La linguistique liturgique du père Aubéry: Aperçu ethnohistorique," in Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 33/2: 2003.

Spady, James. "As If In a Great Darkness: Native American Refugees of the Middle Connecticut River Valley in the Aftermath of King Philip’s War," in Historical Journal of Massachusetts. Vol. XXIII, No. 2: Summer, 1995.

Sweeney, Kevin M. and Evan Haefeli. "Revisiting The Redeemed Captive: New Perspectives on the 1704 Attack on Deerfield," in The William and Mary Quarterly. vol. LII, no.1: January, 1995.

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Essays from Anthologies

Brasser, Ted. J. "Early Indian-European Contacts," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Bray, Diane Fisk. "Change and Continuity of Spritual Practice among the Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck Indians of Webster, Massachusetts," in Algonkians of New England: Past and Present. Boston, MA: Boston University, 1993.

Bruchac, Margaret. "Earthshapers and Placemakers: Algonkian Indian Stories and the Landscape," in Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonising Theory and Practice. London, England: Routledge Press, 2004.

Bruchac, Margaret M. "Wobanakiak: Linguistic Notes and Ethnographic Terms," in The Abenaki of Vermont: A Living Culture. Middlebury, Vermont: Vermont Folklife Center, 2002.

Ceci, Lynn. "Wampum as a Peripheral Resource in the Seventeenth-Century World-System," in The Pequots in Southern New England: The Rise and Fall of an American Indian Nation. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Chilton, Elizabeth S. "Towns They Have None: Diverse Subsistence and Settlement Strategies in Native New England," in Northeast Subsistence-Settlement Change: A.D. 700 – A.D. 1300. New York: New York State Museum Bulletin , 2002.

Crosby, Constance A. "The Algonkian Spiritual Landscape," in Algonkians of New England: Past and Present. Boston, MA: Boston University, 1993.

Day, Gordon M. "The Indian as an Ecological Factor in the Northern Forest," in In Search of New England’s Native Past: Selected Essays by Gordon M. Day. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

Fitting, James E. "Regional Cultural Development, 300 B.C. to A.D. 1000," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Ghere, David L. "The ‘Disappearance’ of the Abenaki in Western Maine: Political Organization and Ethnocentric Assumptions," in After King Philip’s War: Presence and Persistence in Indian New England. Hanover, MA: University Press of New England, 1997.

Goddard, Ives. "Eastern Algonquian Languages," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Handsman, Russell and Richmond, Trudy Lamb. "Confronting Colonialism: The Mahican and Schaghticoke Peoples and Us," in Making Alternative Histories: The Practice of Archaeology and History in Non-Western Settings. Santa Fe, New Mexico: School of American Research Press, 1996.

Handsman, Russell G. "Illuminating History's Silences in the Pioneer Valley," in Native Peoples and Museums in the Connecticut River Valley: A Guide for Learning. Northampton, MA: Historic Northampton, 1992.

Heidenreich, Conrad E. "Huron," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

McBride, Bunny and Harald E.L. Prins. "Walking the Medicine Line: Molly Ockett, a Pigwacket Doctor," in Northeastern Indian Lives, 1632-1816. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

McMullen, Ann. "What’s Wrong With This Picture? Context, Coversion, Survival, and the Development of Regional Cultures and Pan-Indiani," in Enduring Traditions: The Native Peoples of New England. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey, 1994.

Nanapashemet. "It Smells Fishy to Me: An Argument Supporting the Use of Fish Fertilizer by the Native People of Southern New England," in Algonkians of New England: Past and Present. Boston, MA: Boston University, 1993.

Snow, Dean R. "Late Prehistory of the East Coast," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Sweeney, Kevin M. and Evan Haefeli. "Wattanummon's World: Personal and Tribal Identity in the Algonquian Diaspora," in Acts du Vingt-Cinquième Congrès des Algonquinistes. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1994.

Thomas, Peter. "Bridging the Cultural Gap: Indian/White Relations," in Early Settlement in the Connecticut Valley: A Colloquium at Historic Deerfield. Deerfield, MA: Institute for Massachusetts Studies, Westfield State College, 1984.

Thomas, Peter A. "Cultural Change on the Southern New England Frontier, 1639-1665," in Cultures in Contact. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985.

Tooker, Elisabeth. "Iroquois Since 1820," in Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15: Northeast. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Williams, Stephen. "What Befell Stephen Williams in his Captivity," in The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion. Northampton, MA: Hopkins, Bridgman and Company, 1853.

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Unpublished Documents

Benes, Peter. Algonkians of New England: Past and Present. Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, 1991.

Gretchen L. Green. A New People in an Age of War: The Kahnawake Iroquois, 1667-1760. Ph.D. Dissertation, College of William and Mary, 1991.

Nash, Alice. The Abiding Frontier: Family, Gender and Religion in Wabanaki History, 1600-1763. Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1997.

Spady, James. In the Midst of the River: Leadership, Trade, and Politics among the Native Peoples. Unpublished honors thesis, University of Massachusetts, 1994.

Stewart-Smith, David. The Pennacook Indians and the New England Frontier, circa 1604-1733. Unpublished dissertation, Union Institute, 1998.

Thomas, Peter A. In the Maelstrom of Change. PhD. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst , 1979.

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American Centuries - http://www.americancenturies.mass.edu
Memorial Hall Museum/Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association's American Centuries website features history, art, artifacts, tools, historic documents and more, from colonial, American, and Native American New England. This website also has an extensive curriculum section for teachers and students.

Annenberg Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania - http://www.library.upenn.edu/rbm/
The University of Pennsylvania's extensive collections of printed books, manuscripts, photographs, and electronic text and images. Thousands of resources and publications available for research on topics from archaeology to history. Of particular interest is the vast array of original documents relating to these and other academic disciplines.

Aux sources de la Nouvelle-France - http://www.archives.ca/05/0517_f.html
Original documents about New France from the Archives of Canada and the National Library of Canada. This website is in French.

Best of History Websites - http://besthistorysites.net/index.shtml
An award-winning portal created for history teachers, students, and general history enthusiasts. Links to K-12 history lesson plans, teacher guides, activities, games, quizzes, and more.

Bridgeman Art Library - http://www.bridgeman.co.uk/
Makes quality art reproduction available to museums, galleries, artists and others. Fine art, antiques, maps, furniture, archaeological artifacts, ceramics and glass grace this extensive international collection.

Canada’s Digital Collection - http://collections.ic.gc.ca/E/index.php
Focused on Canada's communities and people, with contributions from Aboriginal youth, organizations and communities. Aboriginal oral traditions, hunting practices, spiritual rituals, business interests and arts and culture preservation and promotion are discussed in the What’s New section.

Canadian Encyclopedia Online - http://www.canadianencyclopedia.ca/
The Canadian Encyclopedia is offered free online by the Historica Foundation, a non-profit organization that promotes the teaching, learning and understanding of Canadian history. Much of the foundation's work is offered for free to educators.

Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum - http://www.cheltenhammuseum.org.uk/
Explore 3000 years of history in this British museum spanning ancient civilizations to modern day.

Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online - http://www.biographi.ca/EN/
Lets you search the history of Canada's inhabitants and their culture to find people who played an important role in the formation of what is now Canada.

Fitchburg Art Museum - http://www.fitchburgartmuseum.org/
A collection of art, artifacts, documents, and local history. Includes an art class program and museum school.

Forty Algonkin Versions of the Lord's Prayer - http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/PageView/45551/0002?id=43730c7a01a571b7
Text of the book Forty Algonkin Versions of the Lord's Prayer, by J. Hammond Trumbull, from the Transactions fo the American Philological Society, 1872.

French Colonial Historical Society - http://www.frenchcolonial.org
The French Colonial Historical Society encourages interest in the scholarly study of all French colonizing activity and in the history of all French colonies.

Gerald Taiaiake Alfred - http://www.taiaiake.com
A consultant for this 1704 website, Taiaiake is a Kanienkehaka (Mohawk) native raised in Kahnawake, as well as an accomplished writer, philosopher, activist and professor at the University of Victoria.

Historic Deerfield - http://historic-deerfield.org
A museum of New England history and art hosting 18th and 19th century collections. Search the Henry N. Flynt Library online.

Historic Figures of New France - http://www.vmnf.civilization.ca/vmnf/reper/glossair/r-glopen.htm
An alphabetical listing of historic figures of New France, with brief summaries for each figure.

Historic Northampton - http://www.historic-northampton.org/
Enjoy the online collection from this museum of history for Western Massachusetts. Find a plethora of treasures including thousands of photographs, documents and manuscripts from the 17th to the 20th centuries, with some Pre-Contact items, as well.

Historica - http://www.histori.ca/
Contains links to The Canadian Encyclopedia, Youthlinks, The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, The Prime Ministers of Canada, as well as content modules and many other resources for teachers and students.

History of the Huron People to 1614 - http://www.wyandot.org/wn_early.htm
A brief history of the Wendat people by James Hunter, Executive Director of Huronia Museum/Huron Indian Village in Ontario, Canada.

Huron-Wendat Lanugage - http://ossossane.org/langue.html
A website devoted to the Huron Language, including the meaning of the word Wendat, the alphabet, pronunciations and information about Wendat food.

Huron-Wendat Ossuaries - http://ossossane.org/cemetery.html
An essay by Francis Gros Louis, an enrolled member of the Huron-Wendat Indian Nation.

Investigating the First Thanksgiving: You are the Historian (Plimoth Plantation) - http://www.plimoth.org/OLC/index_js2.html
An audio and graphic presentation of Plimoth Plantation's website which investigates and reinterprets the first Thanksgiving.

Kahnawake - http://www.kahnawake.com/index2.html
This is the official website for the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake.

L’education des enfants en Nouvelle-France - http://www.civilization.ca/vmnf/education/index_f.html
A website in both French and English that discusses the education of children in New France.

La Nouvelle France, Resources Francais - http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/nllefce/fr/
This website, in French, includes “New France” before the 1760s.

La Nouvelle-France...un peu d’histoire - http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/nllefce/fr/intro.htm
A website in French that gives a brief history of New France.

Les militaire - http://www.civilization.ca/vmnf/popul/militaires/militaires-fr.htm
A website in both English and French that discusses the soldiers of New France.

Library Company of Philadelphia - http://www.librarycompany.org/
Non-profit independent research library with collections documenting every aspect of the history and background of American culture from the colonial period to the end of the nineteenth century. A collection of national importance, its holdings number approximately half a million printed volumes in a wide variety of formats: 75,000 graphics; 160,000 manuscripts; and a small, distinguished collection of early American art and artifacts.

Library of Congress - http://www.loc.gov/
Researchers, students and those wanting to delve deeper into many subjects of American history and government, can find helpful links on this website for the Library of Congress.

Lilly Library, Indiana University - http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/
The Lilly Library has rare books, manuscripts and special collections, with an online tour of their most prominent works.

Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center - http://www.pequotmuseum.org/
The largest Native American museum and research center. Learn how to use their extensive libraries for children and adults. Life-size dioramas, exhibits and performances depict modern culture and 18,000 years of North American Native history.

Massachusetts Archives - http://www.state.ma.us/sec/arc/arcidx.htm
Ensures the preservation and accessibility of Massachusetts government records. Here you can search government documents and do geneology searches.

Massachusetts Historical Commission - http://www.state.ma.us/sec/mhc/mhcidx.htm
You can access National and state Historic Preservation information through this web site. Public events, grants, and Massachusetts Archaeology Week are also discussed.

McCord Museum - http://www.mccord-museum.qc.ca/
This Canadian history and culture museum’s website features over 60,000 digitized artifacts, and can be accessed in both French and English.

Mohawk Iroquois Village - http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/
An online re-creation of an Iroquois Village, a guide to an Iroquois agricultural field diorama, Iroquois artifacts, and information about the construction of a longhouse.

Montreal City Records Management and Archives - http://www2.ville.montreal.qc.ca/
The official site of the city of Montreal, Canada. Available in French or English.

Montreal City Service du développement economique - http://www2.ville.montreal.qc.ca/
Official site of the city of Montreal, Canada. Available in French or English.

Musée de la Civilisation - http://www.mcq.org/
This theme museum presents its vision of the human experience and the evolution of civilizations, featuring two historic sites and an important ethnographic and historic collection in Quebec.

Musee du Chateau Ramezay - http://www.chateauramezay.qc.ca/
Learn of Montreal and Quebec from the Amerindians thousands of years ago through the 20th century. The oldest private history museum in Quebec, this chateau was built for Montreal’s Governor, Claude de Ramezay, in the 18th century.

Musee virtual de la Nouvelle-France, (Virtual Museum of New France) - http://www.vmnf.civilization.ca/
An English and French version are available for this online museum, bringing traces of New France together from around the world.

NAGPRA - http://www.cr.nps.gov/nagpra/
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act makes possible the return of Native American sacred or cultural items and remains from museums to descendants, tribes and organizations.

National Archives of Canada - http://www.archives.ca/
The National Library and National Archives of Canada host this website with a comprehensive history of Aboriginal people, as well as extensive documents and exhibits on Canadian history and culture, a digital collection and genealogies.

National Archives of France - http://www.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/
Here you can find the official and Historic Archives for France.

National Gallery of Art - http://www.nga.gov/
This website shares the museums' international art collection of paintings, sculptures, and graphic arts across time. It includes resources for teachers and children, helping teachers to incorporate art into thematic curriculum plans.

Native American Studies - Directory of Online Resources - http://www.academicinfo.net/nativeam.html
Overview of academic resources for studying Native American topics. Topics include Digital Publications, Tribal Histories, Art & Culture, Spirituality, Government, Museums, Libraries, Academics, Kennewick Man and organizations.

Ne-Do-Ba Friends Sharing Abenaki History - http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/index.shtml#home
This website features articals on Abenaki genealogy, culture, history, documents, graphics and maps.

New Netherland Project Home Page - http://www.nnp.org/
A unique resource featuring transcription and translation of all Dutch documents in New York repositories relating to the 17th century colony of New Netherland. Learn of the Dutch contributions to America and the strong continuing connections.

New York State Museum - http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/
A research and educational institution advancing knowledge in the fields of geology, biology, anthropology, and history. See three dioramas of a Mohawk Iroquois village, circa 1600, before European influence greatly changed Iroquois culture.

NY Public Library Map Division - http://www.nypl.org/research/chss/map/map.html
Holds some 405,000 maps, 18,000 atlases and books about cartography. International and antiquarian maps from 16th century to present, with a focus on cities, mostly NYC. Computer mapping and Geographic Information Systems [GIS] are new programs.

Old Sturbridge Village - http://www.osv.org/
A living history museum featuring early New England through the company of farmers, craftsmen, and other characters. Find transcriptions of historical documents, research papers and periodical articles.

Omohundro Institute of Early American History - http://www.wm.edu/oieahc/
Find papers of John Marshall, conferences, colloquia, fellowships, publications, the William and Mary Quarterly online, and Connections to other Early American resources on the web. Sponsored by the College of William and Mary and Colonial Williamsburg.

Online Catholic Encyclopedia - http://www.newadvent.org/cathen
The Catholic Encyclopedia, as its name implies, proposes to give its readers full and authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic interests, action and doctrine. It records all that Catholics have done, not only in behalf of charity and morals, but also for the intellectual and artistic development of mankind. It chronicles what Catholic artists, educators, poets, scientists and men of action have achieved in their several provinces.

Online Jesuit Relations - http://puffin.creighton.edu/jesuit/relations/
This site contains the entire English translation of the The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, originally compiled and edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites and published by The Burrows BrothersCompany, Cleveland, throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century. Each file represents the total English contents of a single published volume. The original work has facing pages in the original French, Latin or Italian, depending on the author.

Osher Map Library and the Smith Center for Cartographic Education - http://www.usm.maine.edu/~maps/
Rare map library with original maps, atlases, geographies, and globes spanning the years from 1475 to the present. Great resource for geography, history, art, and cultural development, with an online collection. Unique partnering with schools and the public.

Parks Canada, National Historic Sites of Canada - http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/lhn-nhs/index_E.asp
The national historic sites component of Parks Canada is responsible for Canada's program of historical commemoration, which recognizes nationally significant places, persons and events.

Phips Shipwreck - http://www.mcc.gouv.qc.ca/pamu/champs/archeo/epaphips/wreck01.htm
Discover the story of the excavation of a shipwreck that has provided a rare opportunity to examine material culture associated with a late 17th-century British colonial militia unit.

Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association (PVMA)/Memorial Hall Museum - http://deerfield-ma.org/museum.htm
This museum features history, art, artifacts, tools, historic documents and more, from colonial, American, and Native American New England.

Pointe-à-Calliére, Montreal Museum of Archaeology and History - http://www.pacmuseum.qc.ca/
Presents the archaeology of the site where Montréal was started, with the first Catholic cemetery, and the town’s first public square.

Quebec City Archives - http://www.ville.quebec.qc.ca/accueil/index.shtml
A wealth of information about the City of Quebec. Available in French, English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Springfield Science Museum - http://www.quadrangle.org/SSM.htm
This museum houses Native American artifacts from the Connecticut River Valley. Find links to the Connecticut Valley Historical Museum featuring “Treasures of the Valley,” which traces the settlement of Springfield from 1636 to the present.

The Atlantic World: America and the Netherlands - http://international.loc.gov/intldl/awkbhtml/awkbhome.html
This website explores the history of the Dutch presence in America and the interactions between the United States and the Netherlands from Henry Hudson's 1609 voyage to the post-World-War-II period.

The British Museum - http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk
This museum holds Native American artifacts originally brought to Europe by Captain Cook, as well as other resources on colonial America.

The Commonwealth Museum - http://www.state.ma.us/sec/mus/musidx.htm
The Commonwealth Museum has exhibits on Massachusetts History and includes the Massachusetts History Timeline at: http://www.state.ma.us/sec/mus/musexe/mustim/timidx.htm.

The Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology - http://www.smcm.edu/Academics/soan/cneha/home.htm
CNEHA is dedicated to archaeological scholarship in the American Northeast, including the Canadian provinces and the U.S. states from West Virginia to Maine.

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania - http://www.hsp.org/
This society contains documents relating to the Deerfield raid, the Williams family, and other aspects of colonial new england history. You can conduct research in their online catalogs.

The International Seminar on Atlantic History at Harvard, 1500-1800 - http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~atlantic/
Advances Atlantic history scholarship of young historians from many nations. Promotes an international community of scholars, broadening their academic approach with different traditions, to further international understanding.

The Massachusetts Historical Society - http://www.masshist.org/welcome/
Collects and preserves materials relating to the history of the commonwealth and nation; holds millions of rare and unique documents and artifacts vital to the study of American history.

The McNeil Center for Early American Studies - http://www.mceas.org/index.html
Focuses on scholarly inquiry into histories and cultures of North America in the Atlantic world before 1850, with an emphasis on the mid-Atlantic region. Find ‘Early American Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal,’ and the Early American Studies monograph series here.

The New York Historical Society - http://www.nyhistory.org/
Contains documents relating to the natural, civil, literary, and ecclesiastical history of the United States in general, and of New York State in particular.

The Origins of James Corse, ca. 1665-1696, Deerfield, Massachusetts - http://habitant.org/corse
Attempts to review the existing research on the issue of the origins of James Corse, ancestor of a considerable number of people with roots in New England and Québec. The author, John P. DuLong, hopes to provide a better understanding of the research challenges involved in understanding the genealogy of his ancestor.

The Society For the Preservation Of New England Antiquities, (SPNEA) - http://www.spnea.org/
Antiques, historic homes and landscapes are preserved in an archive of more than one million images.

Waban-aki Nation - http://www.abenakis.ca/english/index.html
A website featuring Odanak and Wôlinak Band council information, Abenaki museum information, plus a What's New and Internet Links.

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