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Founding New Communities

Native peoples and European colonists settled new communities in the 1600s not only in response to war and social upheaval, but also to develop economic opportunities and solidify alliances.
thumbnail of Founding of Deerfield illustration thumbnail of Founding of Montreal illustration thumbnail of Founding of Kahnawake illustration thumbnail of Founding of Wendake illustration thumbnail of Founding of Odanak illustration
Founding Deerfield - In 1682, English families arrived for the third time to settle Deerfield, in the contested Pocumtuck homeland. Founding Montreal - Established in 1642, the hospital and missionary outpost of Montréal quickly became the trade center of New France. Founding New Kanienkehaka Communities - Following peace with New France in 1666, many Kanienkehaka and other Iroquois moved to the northern edge of their territory to form Christian communities and to protect their borders. Founding Lorette - The Wendat who founded Lorette in 1697 near Quebec sought to balance traditional ways with French and Jesuit influences. Founding Schaghticoke and Odanak - Between the 1670s and 1760s, refugee villages like Schaghticoke became
crucial gathering places for Native people from the Connecticut River
Valley who formed lasting alliances with the northern Wôbanakiak.

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