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Lesson 4
A Map & Math Lesson with Jonathan Hoyt
Student Activity Sheet

  1. Jonathan Hoyt was one of the children taken captive from Deerfield in the 1704 attack. He was born in April of 1688. How old was he in February of 1704?
  2. Go to the People Menu of the 1704 website and click Jonathan Hoyt. Read about his life.
  3. Click the Parting Ways section at the top of Jonathan Hoyt's character narrative. In the second paragraph of Parting Ways, click place to familiarize yourself with the map of The March to Canada. Find the location where the captives were on March 8, where the Connecticut River and White River meet. Using the scale of miles, estimate the distance between this spot and Deerfield.
  4. Go to the MapQuest website (http://mapquest.com/directions/). Type in "Deerfield, MA," for Start, and White River Junction, VT, for End, then click Get Directions. At the bottom of the directions, find the mileage. How did you do?
  5. The captives walked for eight days to reach the junction of the Connecticut and White rivers. Figure out about how many miles they walked per day. Stephen Williams (whom you can also read about from the People Menu), said he thought they were made to walk 35-40 miles a day. In reality, their longest walk was about 24 miles. How does the walk to the White River compare to the longest walk? Create a fraction that shows this comparison.
  6. Today, according to the Mapquest search, it takes 1 hour and 35 minutes to drive from Deerfield to White River Junction. Follow the steps below to create a fraction that compares the captives' walking time to today's driving time:
    a. First, we'll guess that the captives walked an average of 10 hours per day. How many hours would they walk in eight days? How many minutes would that be?
    b. Now convert 1 hour and 35 minutes all to minutes.
    c. Create your fraction and simplify it as much as possible. Approximately, how much faster is it to drive? Divide 960 by 19. Now round off the answer to a whole number.
  7. While a captive, Jonathan lived with the Wendat (Huron) people in the town of Lorette (Wendake). To find out how far away from home he was, go to the Epilogue section of the Jonathan Hoyt narrative, and click Quebec. Find Wendake/Lorette on the map and using the scale of miles, estimate the distance from Deerfield to Lorette, as the crow flies. Now go back to the Mapquest website. Keep your Start information the same but type in Lorette, QC, for End. You will find the mileage at the bottom of the page. How did you do?
  8. William Dudley, the son of the governor of Massachusetts, found Jonathan and paid his master 20 silver dollars in order to return Jonathan to Deerfield. These silver dollars were Spanish milled dollars, which were not used in the colony of Massachusetts. The colony used pounds, shillings and pence. See if you can convert 20 Spanish milled dollars to the Massachusetts system of money:
    a. One Spanish milled dollar = 6 shillings. How many shillings make 20 silver dollars?
    b. Twenty shillings = 1 pound. Convert your answer to question "a" to pounds.

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