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Lesson 3
Through the Eyes of the Survivors

Subject Areas
• U.S. History - Colonial America and the New Nation
• Native Americans

Upper elementary & middle school

Learning Objectives
After completing these activities, students will be able to:
• Describe the 1704 attack from different perspectives
• Discuss the life of someone involved in the attack and describe how the event affected his/her life
• Compare and contrast survivors' experiences and perspectives

• Observing and describing
• Interpreting written information
• Comparing and contrasting
• Making inferences
• Thinking critically
• Expressing opinions
• Understanding cause and effect
• Representing ideas and information orally and visually

Time Required
Two to three class periods

In this lesson, students imagine they are survivors of the 1704 raid on Deerfield and describe what happened to them before, during, and after the raid. Students learn that there were, and still are, many often differing perspectives to this story.

Guiding Questions
How did the 1704 attack affect the lives of the people in this lesson? What did each of them think were the reasons for the attack? Did they all feel the same way? Why?

portrait of Atiwans
portrait of Jonathan Hoyt
Jonathan Hoyt
portrait of de Rouville
Hertel de Rouville
portrait of Thaowentsawakon
portrait of Tsohahisen
portrait of Eunice Kanenstenhawi Williams
Eunice Kanenstenhawi Williams
portrait of John Williams
John Williams

Preparing to Teach

  1. Go to the People Menu on the 1704 website and read the stories of Atiwans, Jonathan Hoyt, Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville, Thaowentsawakon, Tsohahisen, Eunice Kanenstenhawi Williams and John Williams.

Teaching the Lesson

  1. If students are using computers in class, instruct them to complete the Student Activity Sheet for this lesson. If they will be using computers elsewhere, either give them the Student Activity Sheet URL: http://1704.deerfield.history.museum/teachers/lesson3_student.jsp, or print the Student Activity Sheet and distribute copies to students.
  2. The Student Activity Sheet requires students to create a Powerpoint presentation. After students have completed the Student Activity Sheet, ask for volunteers to present their Powerpoint presentations. Encourage class discussion.

  3. And/or

  4. Ask for volunteers to form a panel discussion. Ask each volunteer to identify himself or herself with a name card. Ask each panelist to explain why the attack happened, whether it was a good or bad thing and why, and how the attack affected his or her life.

From the Story Menu on the 1704 website:

  • Attack on Deerfield scene
  • March to Canada scene
  • Parting Ways scene

From the Timeline on the 1704 website:

  • 1681-1700
  • 1701-1720

Captors and Captives, by Evan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney
New England Outpost, by Richard Melvoin
The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion, by John Williams (1706)

This lesson was adapted from one by the same title created by Dianne Wolejko, a teacher at Hatfield Elementary School in Hatfield, MA.


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